April 05 2021
Diabetes is a condition in which the body is not able to respond properly to the process of blood glucose and hence maintain its levels. It is a well-known condition throughout the world and billions of people suffer from diabetes. If this condition is not managed properly it can lead to several other health conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, skin problems, kidney problems, liver problems, or hypertension (elevated blood pressure).
There are different types of diabetes and the management of these depends upon the nature of the condition. It is important to note that not all people who suffer from diabetes are overweight, some people even children may suffer from this disease since their childhood.
- Type 1: It is also called IDDM that is Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus wherein the body is unable to produce enough insulin to be able to control or regulate the blood sugar levels (or called Juvenile Diabetes).
- Type 2: It is also known as NIDDM that is Non-Insulin dependent Diabetes mellitus wherein the body is not able to respond properly to the produced insulin. This type usually occurs due to obesity or bad lifestyle choices.
- Gestational diabetes: This type occurs in ladies during their pregnancy since during this period the body becomes less sensitive to insulin and it usually goes away after the birth of the baby.
- Some uncommon types: Diabetes due to CF that is Cystic fibrosis or monogenic diabetes.
Prediabetes: This term indicates the condition wherein the person cannot be diagnosed clinically with diabetes but may develop the condition shortly if not controlled immediately. Hence it is also called borderline diabetes when blood sugar is ranging from 100 - 125 mg/dL.
So, let's look at some factors which can increase a person of developing diabetes:
- Being overweight
- Improper exercise
- Lack of a balanced diet
- History of hypertension (high blood pressure)
- High LDL (bad cholesterol) levels in the body
- History of PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome)
- Having a sedentary or an unhealthy lifestyle
- Or in some situations, it may be congenital
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Frequent urination
- Sores that do not heal
- Extreme fatigues
- Less libido
- Lack of concentration
- UTI (urinary tract infections) in women
- For Type 1: The exact cause of this type is not fully understood but it is believed that it occurs due to the attack of our immune cells on beta insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Here genes play a crucial role.
- For Type 2: It occurs due to a comn=bination of lifestyle changes and genes as well. People who live an unhealthy lifestyle are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes: Occurs in women during pregnancy since the body becomes less sensitive to the produced insulin which in turn is unable to regulate the normal blood sugar levels and hence the development of the diseases. Usually, it goes away after giving birth.
Complications associated with this condition:
- Higher risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack.
- Chances of development of liver diseases such as fatty liver
- Renal function impairment as in case of diabetic ketoacidosis
- Foot damage such that the sores which are formed are not healed easily
- Retinopathy or blurry vision
Treatment options available for Diabetes:
- For type 1: A wide variety of medications are available and prescribed for this type and still, more are being researched. The common ones include: Rapid-acting, short-acting, medium acting, and long-acting insulins in the form of injections and oral dosage forms include: Acarbose, Tradjenta, Metformin, DiaBeta, Avandia, Actose, etc.
- For type 2: It is usually controlled by exercise and diet control. But the most common type of medication prescribed for this type include metformin which is usually given along with some other combination drugs as well to combat the various side effects which may be caused due to consumption of diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes: It requires the lady to check her blood glucose or sugar levels multiple times a day. If the levels are high then the doctor may recommend diet changes and some exercises and maybe prescribe some insulin formulation (Insulin is completely safe for the growing baby).
Type of food items to be avoided in Diabetes :
- Sugary food items: Food such as biscuits, cake, sweetened coffee/tea, etc. should be avoided in patients suffering from diabetes.
- Food containing high levels of trans fatty acids.
- Fruit juices or soda: Since they contain a large amount of added sugar which is extremely harmful to a healthy individual let alone in a diabetes patient.
- White bread, rice, and pasta: Eating such refined food instantly increases the blood glucose levels in the body and diabetic patients will not be able to recover properly if they do not take necessary precautions with food.
- Flavoured coffee drinks: According to some studies coffee is good for diabetic patients but flavoured coffee may not be the best option for the patients since these are loaded with a lot of carbohydrates which directly con=verts to glucose and increases the blood glucose levels in the body.
- Hone, nectar, and maple syrup
- Packaged snack food
How can you reduce the risk of developing diabetes?
For type 2 diabetes, a person should always make sure to have a well-balanced diet and not have a habit of skipping meals or on the contrary, eat a lot. It should be just the correct quality and quantity of food that is administered since diet plays a huge part in disease management. Moreover, exercise or doing yoga helps with such conditions since it helps to regulate the hormonal levels of our body, improves blood circulation, and helps to maintain a healthy weight is the most important aspect of the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
One can incorporate certain herbal supplements in their diet to help in the prevention of diabetes along with all the measures which need to be taken. It just helps to make the process a bit easier with utmost safety. However, people who suffer from any other diseased condition, pregnant females, children, or even already diabetic patients must always consult the doctor before taking any other product or supplement.
Alvizia Healthcare provides a wide range of products that may act as a supplement to manage diabetes along with providing other health benefits as well.
One such product is: ALENFLAX cold pressed Omega 3,6,9 flaxseed oil (1000 mg, 60 soft gel capsules) easily available on the website.