September 15 2021
During the teenage years (or even adulthood), almost everyone at least comes across the word “acne”. It is a skin condition where the hair follicles get plugged with oil and dead skin cells, causing whiteheads, pimples, and blackheads. It is usually persistent; however, some effective treatments are available. Acne isn’t very serious or life-threatening; however, it may cause emotional stress and scars on the skin, when it’s severe.
Symptoms of acne
Acne can occur on any part of the body, however, it commonly develops on the face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders. Black or white-colored pimples are seen when a person gets acne. Blackheads and whiteheads are the most commonly seen lesions in acne. Blackheads are open at the surface of the skin and get oxidized, which is responsible for their black color. Whiteheads on the other hand are closed under the surface of the skin, which is why they appear to be white. Inflammatory lesions during acne are likely to cause scars that may affect the uniformity of the skin along with pain. Some inflammatory lesions include:
- Cysts: these are large lumps that develop under the skin, and contain pus. Cysts are usually painful.
- Nodules: they are solid and painful lumps that develop beneath the skin surface.
- Papules: they are small, red, and raised bumps that are mainly caused by either inflamed or infected hair follicles.
- Pustules: they are small and red pimples containing pus on their top.
Causes of acne
The main factors which are responsible for the development of acne on the skin are excessive sebum production, bacteria, inflammation, and hair follicles that get clogged by oil and dead skin cells. Pores are the openings to follicles, which are made up of hair and sebaceous or oil gland. The oil gland tends to release sebum, which goes up to the hair and then on to the skin, where it provides lubrication and keeps the skin moisturized. Problems in this lubrication occur, causing acne, like too much oil produced by the follicles, the development of bacteria in the pores, or even dead skin cells that may accumulate in the pores. These issues may cause pimples, which occur when bacteria grow in a clogged pore, preventing the sebum to escape. If the follicles bulge out, they may produce whiteheads. And if they are open at the end, they may get black (blackheads).
Some of the factors that may worsen acne are:
- Hormonal changes: certain hormones, called androgens tend to increase their levels during teenage years or puberty, causing enlarged sebaceous glands and increased production of sebum or oil. Hormonal changes during any age are believed to cause acne breakouts.
- Diet: research suggests that consumption of junk or fried foods, like bread, chips, fries, etc may worsen acne. It is advised to follow a balanced diet if you have acne.
- Stress: Although stress isn’t a factor that directly causes acne development, it may make it worse. Research studies suggest that stress can make acne worse.
- Medicines: certain medications like corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium has been seen to worsen skin conditions like acne.
Risk factors of acne
- Genetics: if you have a family history of acne, you are more likely to develop it. Genetics is considered as one of the highest risk factors for acne.
- Age: although this skin condition affects people of nearly all age groups, it is more common in teenagers.
- Oily substances: acne may develop if the skin comes across certain substances like oily lotions, creams, etc.
- Pressure on the skin: if the skin gets pressurized much, it may get affected and develop acne. Objects like cell phones, helmets, tight collars/ clothes, and backpacks may cause acne on the skin.
Prevention of acne
- Avoid makeup: when experiencing an acne breakout, it is best to avoid the use of makeup products like foundation, blush, and powders. These products seem to clog pores when used in excess during acne breakouts. Even if you do use them, wash your face properly at the end of the day after removing them. Also, oil-free makeup products that do not contain any dyes or chemicals must be used to prevent acne.
- Exercises: regular physical activity is beneficial for your overall health, as well as the skin. It cleans the body from within, which brings a glowing effect on the outside, i.e. on the skin. While exercising it is advised to avoid wearing many clothes and using equipment that may rub against the skin and irritate it. After you’re done with the workout, taking a shower might prevent the development of pimples or acne.
- Diet: diet is believed to play a major role in determining the quality of one’s skin. Greasy or oily food may make acne worse, just like any other skin conditions. So, to be on the safer side, a balanced diet must be followed to prevent acne. Also, it is best to avoid processed foods and sugars.
- Deep cleanse your face: even if your skin is not prone to acne or pimples, it is important to clean your face daily, as, it removes impurities, excess oil, and dead skin cells. The use of warm or cool water is highly promoted by doctors, as; using hot water on the face damages the skin, making it more prone to certain skin conditions. Harsh soaps and cleansers may affect the skin by causing damage, inflammation, and irritation.
Alvizia’s alenglow is a supplement consisting of a vitamin C kit and L-glutathione. It protects the skin from free radicals, which are mainly waste products of our body affecting cells and tissues due to many chemical reactions. This combination can prevent skin problems like acne, wrinkles, fine lines, and aging. L-glutathione is beneficial in treating acne, which gives you clear skin. Vitamin C, on the other hand, is a skin-replenishing, protective and brightening agent. This gives you smooth and youthful skin, just like you deserve.