March 03 2021
What is a fungal skin infection?
Fungi is omnipresent, it can be found anywhere and everywhere- in the air and water and even on the human body. Researches have proven that almost half of the fungi present are harmful. If one of the detrimental fungi comes to the contact of your skin and starts dividing under favorable conditions, it causes fungal infection. It affects almost 26-30% of the world’s population at a given time. The symptoms of which are discussed below.
What are the causes behind developing this fungal infection?
- Humid and hot weather. Sweating or oily skin can be a breeding ground for fungi
- Weak immunity because of underlying disorders like HIV, cancer, etc
- Unhygienic surroundings, dirty undergarments, socks and not maintaining personal hygiene
- Tight clothes that promote sweating
- Mental stress or anxiety
- Hormonal fluctuations
- If you have undergone organ transplants recently or in the past
Prevalent fungal infection symptoms and where does it appear?
Red blotches, blisters or to put it simply, rashes can occur anywhere on your body and it may affect you even if you’re a healthy person. Besides obtaining from unhygienic surfaces, it can also be obtained from people or animals who have fungal infections since it is contagious. Mostly appears as dried flakes on the body or bright red lesions whose colour is more intense at the borders and defined pustules on the rash edges. You might have swollen red bumps on that area of your skin that look like pimples or acne. Usually found in areas having skin folds like the groin, thighs, etc. The area of infection might cause itching, redness, blisters, scaly skin, or body acne. Persistent dandruff is also a consequence of this.
- Don’t share clothes, shoes, socks, towels, or even combs with others
- Keep your foot clean, dry and cool
- Don’t wear tight shoes
- Don’t walk barefoot in public places like the gym, public restrooms, locker rooms, etc. Always wear slippers or avoid direct contact
- Trim your nails always
- Use a pH-balanced cleanser or mild soap/water and rinse it off
- Moisturize your skin with lotions having petroleum base or lanolin. Consult a doctor if your feet or socks smell foul
- To avoid spores from growing in your shoes always apply an anti-fungal powder in it
- Commercial anti-dandruff shampoos don’t work, use a Ketoconazole or Selenium Sulfide based ointment or shampoo. Lather up the shampoo and leave it for a few minutes before washing it off and don’t leave your head damp. Wash the oil off your head frequently if you apply any. Consult a doctor if your dandruff causes hair to fall
- If your fungal infection, acne caused by fungus or dandruff are still persistent, consider consulting a dermatologist. They’ll give you the necessary medications and pills to treat it
Some quick and easily available remedies
Try using aloe vera gel, neem or tea tree essential oil accompanied with a light carrier oil onto the affected area or pimple.
This has been recommended as a natural remedy for treating fungal infections for a long time owing to its antifungal properties. Consume foods rich in Vitamin C since it protects our body from infections. Turmeric being an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory ingredient, it can also be used on the affected area along with a little water.
Applying coconut oil helps in treating scalp ringworm or dandruff, being an antifungal agent. Include foods rich in probiotics (fermented foods or probiotic supplements) and yogurt in your diet, the good bacteria in them will fight off many fungal infections from your body. For maximum benefits use our Evening primrose supplement which will help you in maintaining your skin health, hair loss and other infections.
What are the most commonly found fungal infections?
The most common fungal infections are Athlete’s foot, ringworm, Tinea Versicolor, Dandruff, ringworm, yeast infections, vaginal candidiasis, nail fungus, jock itch.
- Athlete’s foot or tinea pedis: Flaky skin occurring in between toes or anywhere on your foot caused as a result of walking in unhygienic places. The skin becomes white and starts to peel off
- Ringworm: The rash is in a rather ringed shape, similarly, occurring as a result of coming in contact with unhygienic surfaces or unclean water.
- Jock itch or tinea cruris: The symptoms occur in the groin area, prevalent across men rather than females
- Nail fungi or onychomycosis: The infection occurs in the nails as a result it turns yellow and brittle, prone to breaking off easily
- Tinea versicolor: Most commonly found. Symptoms include interfering with the skin colour, normal pigmentation of your skin, discolouration in patches. It can occur in any part of your skin. It isn’t contagious or painful This is caused as a result of hot or humid weather, oily skin? Changes of hormones and a weak immune system. Antifungal creams, shampoos, lotion help in curing this
- Vaginal Candidiasis: It is caused by a yeast named Candida which generally lives in parts of the body like the mouth, throat, vagina or gut without showing any symptoms. Favourable conditions may encourage its growth, multiplication and ability to cause an infection. The symptoms include itching, soreness, painful coitus, an abnormal amount of vaginal discharge. While some are mild and can cure on their own, often it might get serious, which can be treated with antifungal medicines taken either orally or applying on the site of infection. It is suggested to contact a healthcare expert in such cases. The causes behind this are said to be as a result of pregnancy, usage of birth control pills, weak immune system, diabetes, antibiotics usage. Wearing clean and cotton underwear, maintaining personal hygiene might prevent this from occurring
When should you consult a doctor?
If you have some of the aforementioned symptoms, if the rashes become persistent or if you have other underlying diseases like diabetes etc.
If even after following all the home remedies, it refuses to cure and recurs even after healing. In cases of infection that is accompanied by a discharge of pus, fever or if the infection spreads to other areas.
The final word
Many people suffer from fungal infection at some point in their lives which even after the medication has a chance to reappear. The reasons behind this will always be poor hygiene, antifungal resistance, exposure to humidity and warm weather, etc. While many prevalent fungi are becoming resistant to strong medications, it is strongly advised to maintain proper hygiene, good habits and a healthy lifestyle for combating its spread and recurrence.