Nutrition Made Simple

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS - ITS CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

August 28 2021

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS - ITS CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS - ITS CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

Deep vein thrombosis are also known as thromboembolism, post-phlebitic syndrome, and post-thrombotic syndrome and refers to the condition when a blood clot is formed in a vein that is present deep inside the body. Deep vein thrombosis may occur anywhere in the body with the lower legs or thighs being the most commonly occurring sites and it is often a serious condition. Depending on the location of the blood clot formation, the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis may include cramping and pain in the affected area, swelling in the leg, ankle, or foot, the presence of warm skin in the affected region along with the skin turning pale, reddish or bluish and explained foot or ankle pain. 

The presence of deep vein thrombosis in the upper extremities is generally found to be associated with shoulder pain, neck pain, swelling of arm or hand, bluish skin, pain that is radiating to the forearm, and development of weakness in the hand. The occurrence of a blood clot in the lungs is referred to as pulmonary embolism, which is often a medical emergency and should be provided with immediate medical attention. Pulmonary embolism refers to the condition where the blood clot moves from the leg or arm into the lung, blocking and causing impairment in the functioning of the lungs. The symptoms of pulmonary embolism are difficulty in breathing, chest pain that increases with deep breathing or coughing, irregular heartbeat, coughing up blood, low blood pressure, and fainting. 

Causes of deep vein thrombosis 

Genetics - In some individuals, deep vein thrombosis may be associated with the development of inherited causes and genetic predisposition. Some of the genetic causes of deep vein thrombosis are hyperhomocysteinemia, elevated levels of clotting factors, skin necrosis, tissue factor pathway inhibitor, tissue plasminogen activator, thrombomodulin, and heparin cofactor II. 

Insulin resistance - Diabetics and those individuals with insulin resistance are more prone to develop deep vein thrombosis.

Chronic inflammation - It may occur as a result of poor lifestyle choices, stress, and exposure to environmental toxins and it may cause damage to the inner lining of the blood vessels thereby causing deep vein thrombosis. 

Hypertension and heart disease - The various risk factors for developing deep vein thrombosis are obesity, consumption of alcohol, high blood pressure, poor triglycerides, and the presence of cardiovascular disease. 

Pregnancy  - Studies have been women who have associated underlying health disorders are more prone to develop deep vein thrombosis during pregnancy. 

Injury or surgery - In case of injury, the body forms blood clots to stop bleeding and promotes the process of healing. Some individuals who have undergone major surgical procedures are more prone to develop deep vein thrombosis. In such cases, inactivity slows the blood flow in the legs and further aggravates the condition, and may enhance the development of deep vein thrombosis. 

Other general risk factors for developing deep vein thrombosis include older age, family history of deep vein thrombosis, and the intake of estrogen-based medications like birth control pills. 

Treatment of deep vein thrombosis 

Anti-inflammatory diet 

Since chronic inflammation is one of the most potent risk factors for developing deep vein thrombosis, avoiding foods that can trigger inflammation helps in reducing the symptoms associated with deep vein thrombosis. Some of the inflammation-inducing foods include refined sugar and oil, artificial sweeteners and ingredients, processed meat, and junk foods. Consumption of a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods is beneficial in patients suffering from deep vein thrombosis which includes vegetables, fruits with a low glycemic index, spices and herbs, and healthy fats. 

Good hydration 

Keeping the body adequately hydrated is essential for the overall well-being of the individual and it also acts as a supporting factor for the anti-inflammatory diet plan as it helps in hydrating the cells. Consumption of hydrating vegetables, bone broth, green juices, protein shakes, and herbal tea also provides the nutrition as well as hydration required by the body.

Dry skin brushing 

Studies have shown that dry brushing of the skin helps in the stimulation of the lymphatic system and it also promotes the circulation in the body thereby preventing the formation of blood clots and subsequently associated conditions such as deep vein thrombosis. 

Garlic 

Garlic is an essential part of an anti-inflammatory diet whose inclusion helps in preventing thrombosis as per some studies as it has been found to cause a significant reduction in the levels of serum thromboxane which is a potent vasoconstrictor and induced bleeding in immunocompromised individuals. 

Omega 3 fatty acids 

Research shows that consumption of omega 3 fatty acids in the form of natural sources such as fish, seafood, walnuts, flax seeds, hemp seeds, and chia seeds or the form of supplements such as Alvizia omega 3 rich fish oil supplements is beneficial in reducing the symptoms associated with deep vein thrombosis especially in the elderly patients postoperatively. 

Vitamin B

Studies have found a link between the deficiency of vitamin B and the development of venous thromboembolism and it has been known that supplementing such individuals with vitamin B6 may be beneficial in preventing the onset of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism as it plays an important role in reducing the homocysteine levels in the body. Foods such as meat, eggs, nuts, and dark leafy green vegetables are excellent sources of vitamin B, and supplements of vitamin B are also beneficial in the prevention of venous thromboembolism. 

Magnesium 

Magnesium is extremely beneficial in ensuring optimal muscle health along with controlling stress, blood pressure, insulin resistance, inflammation, and other underlying health disorders. Studies have also found that supplementing magnesium with foods such as nuts, seeds, and beans or in the form of magnesium supplements also may be beneficial in alleviating the symptoms associated with deep vein thrombosis. 

Anti-inflammatory herbs

Along with various dietary modifications, the inclusion of anti-inflammatory herbs in the diet like Curcumin, ginger, and resveratrol is beneficial in individuals with deep vein thrombosis. Curcumin has potent anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidant properties and thus helps in the treatment of thrombosis. Resveratrol is especially beneficial in those with deep vein thrombosis in the legs.


This article is the sole opinion of the author and Alvizia Healthcare holds no responsibility for the content. *

Tagged: Capsules, Omega-3, Softgels

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