May 28 2021
Diabetes, a common disease that is linked to high blood sugar levels, also impairs the body’s potential to process the glucose content in the blood. Diabetes mellitus is the most commonly found in the world’s population. Insulin, a hormone that is responsible for moving sugar from the blood to the cells to be used as energy reservoirs. When hit by diabetes, the human body either tends to slow down the production of insulin or can’t use insulin efficiently. If left untreated, diabetes can have severe complications as consequence.
Mainly, medications that are anti-diabetic, anticoagulants, statins are used to treat this health condition.
Types of diabetes
- Diabetes insipidus: this is a very, very rare condition in which the kidneys of the affected person tend to remove a high amount of fluid from his body. It is not at all related to diabetes mellitus.
- Type-II diabetes: this type of diabetes occurs when a human body becomes resistant to the hormone, insulin, as a result of which excess sugar builds up in the blood.
- Type-I diabetes: type-I diabetes can be termed as an “auto-immune disease”, as; the immune system in this condition is seen to attack and destroy the pancreatic cells (which are responsible for the production of insulin).
- Prediabetes: this condition can be observed when the blood sugar levels of a person are higher than the normal levels, but not high enough to label it as type-II diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes: This condition is closely linked to high blood sugar levels in pregnant women. Insulin blocking hormones that are produced by the placenta are primarily responsible for causing this condition.
How does it develop?
Causes of type-I diabetes are still not known, but, type-II diabetes (insulin resistance) has causes that have been discovered and studies. The sugar-lowering hormone insulin allows glucose to supply energy to the human body. Insulin resistance usually develops over a long period of time, which is why doctors often recommend lifestyle changes as a means of treatment. Type-II diabetes is a result of the following:
- When the body makes (tries to make) extra amounts of insulin to process the excess amount of blood glucose levels.
- The pancreas can’t get along with the increased demands of the body and large amounts of blood sugar start flowing in the body, which may cause damage.
- Over a long period of time, insulin becomes less efficient at introducing glucose to the cells of the body, as a result of which the blood sugar levels tend to rise.
- When a person lives in an environment that makes the levels of insulin go down by decreasing its production, to cover the amount of glucose ingested.
The risk factors of insulin resistance and prediabetes are quite similar. They are: overweight or high BMI, polycystic ovarian syndrome, more than 45 years of age, a family history of diabetes, high blood pressure or hypertension, giving birth to an infant with a bodyweight of more than 9 pounds, increased levels of cholesterol (LDL) and reduced levels of HDL, or an unhealthy lifestyle.
What are the early signs of diabetes?
- Fatigue or hunger: the food ingested in the human body is converted into glucose and stored in the cells as energy reserves. But, these cells need insulin to store glucose in them, and, if the body isn’t producing enough insulin, the glucose can’t be stored in them, and hence, the energy levels of the body decrease which makes the person tired and weak.
- Dry mouth or itchy skin: the body produces certain fluids to make urine, so, there is a lesser amount of moisture for other things. Because of this, the body may get dehydrated and cause dry mouth and dry skin (the reason for itching).
- Frequent urination: people with diabetes tend to urinate more frequently than people who are not diabetic. This is because glucose is absorbed in the body when it passes the kidneys. But, when the blood sugar levels rise up due to diabetes, the absorption is not done properly, which causes the body to make a higher amount of urine.
How can insulin resistance, be resisted?
Many doctors suggest that the implementation of some changes in the lifestyle can be helpful in making this condition better. Weight loss and maintenance of overall health is very important for people who have type-II diabetes. Other than medications, here are some recommended changes that can embrace the lifestyle of a diabetic person:
- Include more nutrients in your diet: a diet that comprises fresh fruits, vegetables, proteins, dairy products that have low-fat content, sources of “good” fats can be followed by people to treat the symptoms of insulin resistance. Foods that are high in sugar content (and provide no such nutritional values) such as sodas, fried or junk food, and desserts should be avoided.
- Avoid alcohol: doctors recommend that the intake of alcohol must be reduced in order to treat or prevent symptoms of insulin resistance. It is better if alcohol intake is totally eliminated.
- Engage in physical activities: cardio workouts or light exercises, aerobics, swimming, sports, cycling, or simply walking for a minimum of 30 minutes per day can be highly beneficial to people affected by type-II diabetes. The reduction in the body-mass index of a person can prevent symptoms or complications of type-II diabetes or insulin resistance.
- Herbs and supplementation: many herbs like aloe Vera, cinnamon, bitter melon, milk thistle, fenugreek, ginger, Gymnema are considered good for people with diabetes. Fenugreek, cinnamon, and ginger can be added to certain dishes, taken as a supplement, or be used as a powder. Aloe Vera is known for its antioxidant properties for ages, its extract or juice can be taken for controlling blood sugar levels. One can also opt for its supplementation in the form of capsules.
Alvizia’s milk thistle supplement is one such herb. Available in the form of soft gelatin capsules, it is a total detox formula for people with diabetes, liver diseases, brain functions, and skin.
It can be used as a method of complementary therapy on the recommendation of a certified dietician or physician, to lower blood sugar levels. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of silymarin, an active component of milk thistle, are used to prevent complications and risks of diabetes.