Nutrition Made Simple

DIFFERENT TYPES OF EYE DISORDERS

April 21 2021

DIFFERENT TYPES OF EYE DISORDERS

DIFFERENT TYPES OF EYE DISORDERS

As your age advances, your eyes become weaker and more susceptible to get damaged or deteriorated, thereby leading to the onset of a variety of eye disorders in individuals. At times, normal vision gets hampered at a very young age too, forcing young kids and teenagers to resort to wearing vision-corrective glasses. Sometimes, even genetic disposition could lead you to inherit certain types of eye conditions that seem almost inescapable. 

At Alvizia Healthcare, we’ve brainstormed and shortlisted a unique set of the most common types of eye diseases that affect the general population and could be potential causes of concern in your life. Let’s vow to spread awareness and maintain eye health to the best of our abilities! Knowledge is power and hence educating yourself about these conditions is a great start to gaining information on important eye-health-related concepts. 

AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration) 

Otherwise, this term is simply referred to as Macular Degeneration, wherein the macula is the central portion of your retina, which is the black colored circular part that sends messages in the form of visual signals to your brain. With a progressive advancement in your age, the eye’s capability to see also starts diminishing, and this problem happens in the macula, which is responsible for your vision for reading, watching, or any other visual tasks. Common symptoms include blurred vision, distorted perception of colors, and a vague representation of colored spots in the frontline of your sight. 

Normally, it occurs in two forms: dry AMD and wet AMD. The former is what we described before, thinning as with age progression and is about 70-80% the case with most AMD patients. In some people, this may eventually develop into what we term as wet AMD, with reduced macula functions and ultimately loss of vision in the central part of the eye. In order to capture this at the earliest, you could look out for Drusens i.e. miniature yellow/white deposits just below the retina, and seek medical help as quickly as possible. 

Refractive Problems 

These are globally known to be the most prominently occurring eye disorders, wherein four main types of problems could occur, namely, myopia (near-sightedness), hypermetropia (far-sightedness), presbyopia (which makes it tough for middle-aged and older adults to view things closer in proximity), and astigmatism (distorted vision irrespective of the distance). Typical symptoms include hazy vision, double vision, eye strain, headaches, squinting, trouble focusing, etc.

Even though we witness a large number of the young population including teens, and young adults suffering from such problems, these typically occur in people around the age of 35-40 and beyond. In most cases, this group of assorted problems can be corrected with the aid of corrective glasses, contact lenses, or even surgery if prompted by the attending physician. 

Cataracts 

As our age progresses, the naturally occurring crystalline lens of our eyes tends to get deteriorated in function and appearance and effects appear in the form of cataracts. The leading cause of blindness and vision loss in the world, this condition promotes cloudiness of the eye lens. Approximately 40% of individuals suffering from weakened vision will eventually suffer from cataracts either in one or both of their eyes.

In case you notice early symptoms, this will aid in quick diagnosis and eventual rapid treatment. Symptoms that commonly appear include light-sensitive, blurry vision, faded colors, dizzy feelings, and double vision. There could be plenty of potential causes that could lead to cataracts, namely, traumatic experiences, excessive exposure to the sunlight, radiation, and chemotherapy during cancer treatment, diabetic dispositions, nutrient deficiencies, etc. 

Diabetic Retinopathy 

Also commonly termed a Diabetic Eye Disease, this condition is one of the common complications occurring in individuals suffering from diabetes. What happens during this disorder is the progressive and rapid damage caused to the retinal blood vessels i.e. the light-sensitive tissue placed at the back of the eye that aids in procuring good vision. Typically, this condition progresses through 4 main stages: mild non-proliferative retinopathy classified by microaneurysms, blockage in some retinal vessels leading to the moderate stage, the further blockage caused a deprivation of blood supply to the retinal area titled as severe stage and finally, the most advanced stage is called proliferative retinopathy.

On an average basis, typically reported symptoms only occur in the late stages as the preliminary ones show little to no signs of recurrent damage to be classified as a symptom. At times, patients do report visibility of colorless spots floating around in their region of sight. These would be labeled as floaters by ophthalmologists. 

Glaucoma 

The part of our brain that is responsible for our vision activity is controlled by a nerve called the optic nerve that sends visual signals in the form of messages to the retina and that gives sight to our eyes. The entire array of related eye disorders that are responsible for causing damage to this optic nerve are titled Glaucomas and they exist in a variety of types.

The two most common ones are Open Angle Glaucoma (a chronic disorder whereby the slow death-like progression makes the patient incapable of detecting vision loss until the disease gets advanced) and Closed Angle Glaucoma (appears out of the blue, is increasingly painful, vision loss tends to progress quickly but the resulting pain and discomfort makes the patient seek medical aid earlier on in the process). The resultant effects could be blindness or loss of vision, sometimes the latter progresses to the former. During the duration of this condition, the fluid pressure (ocular pressure) within the eyes will slowly start rising in level. 

Lazy Eye Syndrome 

Medically called Amblyopia, this condition is one of the root causes of vision impairment occurring in young children. Through this, the vision in one of the eyes becomes greatly reduced because the brain stops sending signals to the eye. People tend to associate this with crossed eyes, which is when the patient’s eyes appear to be directed towards two very different points and are clearly unfocused. In simpler terms, the affected eye appears normal-looking but it isn’t being used in a normal manner because the brain favors the unaffected eye.

Certain conditions that could lead to Ambylopia are Strabismus (loss of balance in the positioning of the two eyes), myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism in either of the eyes, etc. If not successfully corrected, or treated in the patient’s childhood, it does continue to persist until adulthood, so seeking medical help in the form of professional advice or applying patches for treatment really does help. 

At Alvizia Healthcare, we’ve got organically procured Nutraceutical supplements to help maintain and strengthen your eye health and keep you away from such adversities: 

Buckthrol (Sea Buckthorn softgel capsules, rich sources of Omega fatty acids good for the eyes).

AlenFish (Omega-3 fish oil softgel capsules with Triple strength and protection for the eyes). 


This article is the sole opinion of the author and Alvizia Healthcare holds no responsibility for the content. *

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