May 29 2021
Edema is defined as the accumulation of excessive amounts of fluids that causes swelling in the body tissues. The most commonly occurring places of edema are hands, arms, ankles, feet, and legs. edema may be the result of the after-effects of injuries or it may also occur during pregnancy. Underlying health disorders such as liver, kidney, and cardiovascular disease may also cause edema. edema can also occur as a result of the side effects of certain medications.
The common causes of edema are physical inactivity, burns, surgery, poor diet, excessive consumption of salt, arthritis, and diabetes. Symptoms of edema include swelling of the skin, stretching of the skin, weight gain, aching body parts, and stiff joints. Less severe forms of edema usually subside on their own. Long-standing edema can be treated by home remedies and medications. Some of the natural home remedies for treating edema in the legs include:
A balanced diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables helps in reducing swelling and inflammation in the body. The foods which help in reducing the water content in the body are seafood, fish, beans, nuts, sunflowers, peas, almonds, potatoes, and whole grains. Other options include foods and oils that are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and omega 3 fatty acids.
Foods that have high iron and vitamin B content helps in reducing edema. Fruits and vegetables like parsley, asparagus, grapes, beets, pumpkin, leeks, onion, and garlic and foods rich in antioxidants like cherries, blueberries, squash, raspberries, tomatoes, and bell peppers all help in reducing edema.
Treatment of underlying causes
Some of the conditions which may cause the formation of edema include allergies, brain injury, diseases of the heart, kidney, and liver, and other harmful infections.
Drinking plenty of water
When water retention occurs in the body, consumption of water should be increased as it helps in cleansing the body. Caffeine and alcohol should be avoided as they trigger the onset of edema.
Use of herbal teas and extract
The presence of compounds known as flavonoids in herbal teas and extracts helps in reducing swelling in the body thereby accelerating the treatment of edema. Consumption of herbal teas also acts as diuretics which help in the removal of excess water content from the body. Some of the most widely used herbal teas and extract in reducing edema are bilberry extract, grape seed extract, horsetail extract, yarrow tea, watercress tea, cardamom tea, chicory tea, and fennel tea.
Reducing the consumption of meat
Meats such as cured meat, red meat have high sodium content which negatively affects various body systems like the liver and gallbladder. It also impairs digestion which may further aggravate edema.
Limit salt consumption
Intake of excess amounts of salt may increase the risk of developing edema. Consumption of salt in large quantities may lead to the retention of water in the body tissues. Prepackaged snacks and fast foods that have high salt content should also be avoided in those suffering from edema. Fried and canned foods also contain extra salt for the process of preservation which may trigger water retention in the body.
Because of its potent anti-inflammatory properties, flaxseeds are beneficial in treating edema. The main functions of flaxseeds are reducing swelling and promoting the process of detoxification which helps in the elimination of harmful substances from the body. Consumption of Alvizia flaxseed oil supplements helps in reducing inflammation. Flaxseed oil can also be massaged on the skin where edema is present.
Coriander seeds help in relieving the pain and swelling associated with edema as it has high anti-inflammatory effects. Consumption of coriander seeds also improves blood circulation in the body.
Parsley is an effective natural remedy in reducing swelling and pain by helping the body get rid of excess amounts of fluids. Because of its diuretic effects, parsley is beneficial in the treatment of edema.
Elevating arms and legs
For getting relief from edema, the body parts should be elevated by using a small stool or pillows. For preventing water retention, the body parts where edema is present should be raised to a level above the heart.
Dandelion is a naturally occurring diuretic that helps in the process of draining the excess amounts of fluid from the body. The presence of adequate amounts of potassium in dandelion helps in neutralizing the action of sodium in the body thereby providing relief from pain and swelling that occurs as a result of edema.
Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is beneficial in reducing the pain and swelling due to edema as it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. The presence of alpha-terpineol and terpinene -4-ol in tea tree oil helps in patients suffering from edema.
Epsom salt bath
Taking bath with Epsom salt is found to be effective in reducing the inflammation, pain, and swelling that occurs as a result of edema. Using Epsom salts also helps in removing the toxins and excess fluids from the body.
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a natural remedy that is effective in the symptoms associated with edema. As Apple cider vinegar is rich in potassium, it helps in replenishing potassium that is required for reducing the water content in the body tissues. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, apple cider vinegar is also beneficial in reducing the pain and swelling that occurs in edema.
Deficiency of magnesium may cause swelling in the feet due to edema. Consumption of foods that are full of magnesium help fight this problem. Some foods that are rich in magnesium are dark leafy greens, nuts, seeds, fish, soybeans, avocado, bananas, and dark chocolate. Alvizia ZMA supplements contain magnesium, which helps in reducing swelling.
One of the methods used to stimulate lymphatic flow in patients suffering from edema is water massage. Water massage therapy helps in reducing the levels of edema in the body by facilitating the dilation of the lymphatic vessels.
The process of acupuncture involves the application of needles at certain pre-described points on the patients suffering from edema. The main action of acupuncture is to achieve a balance in the body. This method of treating edema involves rebalancing the body to get rid of the excess amounts of fluid thereby decreasing water retention.
Exercise is essential for getting rid of edema in the body. Studies show that moving all the muscles that are present in the affected areas helps in the removal of excess fluid from the body. Yoga and brisk walking help in improving blood circulation and provide relief from the symptoms of edema.