September 18 2021
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological problem, associated with memory loss and decline in cognitive abilities, which happens as a result of the death of brain cells. It is considered the most commonly found type of dementia. Almost 60-70 percent of the cases of dementia lie in the group of Alzheimer’s. The age group that is affected by this mental condition is that of 65 years and above.
Alzheimer’s disease affects the human brain, which may look mild and first, and may also worsen with time. Some commonly observed symptoms of this condition are memory loss, problems in language, and impulsive behavior. It is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain, and loss of connection between neurons, which implies that the information cannot efficiently pass through the brain. When the symptoms worsen, it becomes more difficult for affected people to remember events, recognize people and may eventually need a full-time assistant or attendant.
Stages of Alzheimer’s disease
- Mild stage: People, who have mild Alzheimer’s disease, tend to develop problems in memory and cognitive functions that may include: facing difficulty in handling money or paying bills, taking much more time to perform a regular task, wandering for a longer time, experiencing behavioral changes.
- Moderate stage: In the moderate stage of Alzheimer’s disease, the brain parts that are responsible for sensing, languages, consciousness, and reasoning get damaged; which may lead to the following: memory loss and confusion to a greater extent, unable to learn new things or activities, delusions, impulsiveness, facing difficulty while performing certain tasks that are multi-staged.
- Severe stage: When Alzheimer’s disease gets severe, plaques and tangles start to appear throughout the brain, which shrinks down the tissues of the brain, which may lead to dependency for care on other people, being unable to leave the bed, unable to communicate property rly.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
Since it is a progressive mental condition, the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease tend to get worse over time. The symptoms appear gradually, which may take months and even years. Some of the common symptoms are:
- Cognitive disability: the affected person might feel it difficult to perform complex tasks, pass judgments, or experience difficulty in reasoning, which may lead to the following: reduced understanding of safety, difficulty in making decisions, facing difficulties in multi-staged tasks, etc.
- Loss of memory: the affected person may face difficulty in understanding and remembering new things, which may lead to repeatedly asking questions of making the same conversations, losing things, getting lost or wandering for a long time, forgetting about things, etc.
- Spatial awareness: problems with balance might be there if someone’s affected by Alzheimer’s disease. They may spill things often, may trip over, and face difficulty in orienting clothes while dressing up.
- Not able to recognize people or objects: a person with Alzheimer’s disease may not be able to recognize people or things, which is not due to eyesight problems.
- Alteration of personality: people with Alzheimer’s may experience certain changes in personality or the overall behavior, such as getting upset, anxious, or angry more than before, loss of empathy, motivation, and interest, getting compulsive, obsessive, or socially inappropriate.
- Problems in speaking or reading: people with Alzheimer’s may face difficulty in speaking, reading, and writing things down. They may also fail to think of commonly used words and may make more errors while doing so.
Causes of Alzheimer’s disease
A neurodegenerative condition, Alzheimer’s disease is caused due to the death of brain cells, just like in other types of dementia. In people who have Alzheimer’s disease, there are fewer nerve cells or neurons in the brain tissue and fewer connections between them. Also, the appearance of certain tiny deposits, called plaques and tangles is observed. These develop between the brain cells that are about to die, or have died, and are made up of beta-amyloid (a type of protein). Tangles on the other hand are made up of tau (a type of protein) and occur within the nerve cells. The root causes of this condition are not very well known, as researchers quote. Many factors may be involved in its development over time. Some unavoidable risk factors are aging and genetics.
Foods that prevent Alzheimer’s disease as well as dementia
- Caffeine: caffeinated drinks like tea and coffee are associated with better cognitive functions, which include a significant decrease in the risks of dementia. Research has found out that caffeine and coffee can benefit the overall memory, working memory, and spatial memory.
- Turmeric: many studies have shown that curcumin, which is the main ingredient found in turmeric is a powerful antioxidant. It may also function as a suppressant, that suppresses or acts on the build-up of harmful amyloid plaques in the brain, an animal study suggests.
- Berries: in many animal studies, berries have been shown to improve cognitive functions and abilities. The types of berries include blueberries, strawberries, and cranberries.
- Protein-rich foods: Poultry and fish are considered well for brain functioning and also prevent dementia. Fish is particularly very high in protein and relatively low in saturated fats, which is why it is considered as one of the best options to prevent the risks of dementia and Alzheimer’s. You may also opt for a dietary supplement of fatty fish, like alvizia’s fish oil supplement or alenfish which comes with the goodness of omega-3 fatty acids.
- Red wine: red wine, only in moderation is considered a great option to enhance cognitive functions and memory. It has also been shown to prevent the risks of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. If consumed in more than the required amounts, it may have bad effects on brain health.
- Nuts: consumption of nuts has been associated with a relatively lower risk of dementia. Nuts may improve memory and enhance cognitive functions of the brain, several animal studies suggest.
- Fruits and vegetables: a healthy consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Many studies have found out that eating enough fruits and vegetables might decrease the risk of cognitive impairment.